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For the keen hiker, there is a plethora of opportunities awaiting in Sri Lanka ‘s diverse and luscious hill country. The beautiful area of Haputale and Diyatalawa, located in the hill country of Sri Lanka , provides a base from which to try out a wide variety of hiking and trekking tours through jungle, across tea estates and up mountains. The river and numerous waterfalls in Sri Lanka are another key attraction that allows hikers and trekkers to enjoy a refreshing dip en-route !

In the same area the Horton Plains National Park offers some excellent hikes in an unusual environment, characterised by forest patches, grasslands and some high-altitude vegetation. Highlights include the dramatic 880 metre drop at World’s End and the beautiful Baker’s Falls.

When climbing the infamous Adam’s Peak Wilderness Sanctuary, its best to begin your ascent at night in order to arrive at the top in time for a magical sunrise when the mystical shadow of the peak is perfectly cast across the clouds. It is one of those truly unique moments that will live on in your memory long after the aches and pains from the hiking have gone!

The attractive area of Bandarawela, in Sri Lanka’s mountainous terrain and the nearby town of Ella are renowned for their many walks, including Little Adam’s Peak, Ella Rock and the Namunukula Mountain Range.

If you’re in the Kandy vicinity, don’t miss out on exploring the beautiful Knuckles Mountain Range. The region stretches an impressive 155 sq km, with five major forest formations, a wide variety of rare and endemic flora and fauna and some breathtaking mountain scenery. It is a real paradise for hikers, offering numerous trails that journey across clear rivers, through dense forests, past flowing waterfalls and lush tea plantations, and alongside terraced paddy fields and colourful Kandyan home gardens. A hiking tour in Sri Lanka wouldn’t be complete without a visit to the fascinating Sinharaja Rain Forest where a variety of trails can be tailor-made to meet the specific interests/fitness levels of the group.

Trekking at Knuckles Range

The Sri Lankan name is “Dumbara Mitiyawatha¨ which means “The Misty Vally” but is called Knuckles because its appearance resembles a clenched fist. The British surveyor, who saw its peaks as resembling the knuckles of one´s outstretched hand, was enthralled by the geomorphology of the Range where the higher peaks of the central massif attain heights of more than 2,500 m, but the average height is about 1,800 m.

The changing terrain of grasslands, rugged mountain peaks interspersed with streams, lush tea plantations and past flowing waterfalls, makes Knuckles the ideal place for hiking and mountain biking. You will encounter a forest which is completely different in its appearance to the rainforest since the air becomes moist and cool.

The area is characterized by its striking landscapes often robed in thick layers of cloud but in addition to its aesthetic value the range is of great scientific interest and presents a composition of the world´s centres of biodiversity.

There are at least 1,033 species of flower plants, approximately 255 of them are species of trees and more than 34 percent of Sri Lanka’s endemic trees. The endemic Toque Macaque and Purple-faced Leaf Monkey are native residents as well as the Äôs Rock Frog which is considered to be a rare species.

Best time to visit: from June to September

Trekking in Sinhaaraja Rian Forest

Trek one of the finest natural rain forests in the world which has been identified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site as well as being a Man and Biosphere Reserve. It’s probably one of the oldest living ecosystems, a place that certainly deserve a visit and a place that promises to lives up to its expectations.

Trek through dense greenery of lofty trees, intertwined with shrubs, woody climbers, vines and smaller trees, experience a hot-spot of endemic species which includes over 50% of Sri Lanka’s endemic trees and woody climbers, mammals, birds, butterflies, reptiles, insects and rare amphibian species.

This amazingly beautiful place is home to the Rusty spotted and Fishing cats, Sambar, Wild boar, Barking deer, Squirrel, Monkey, Porcupines and the rare Leopard amongst many other mammals and many reptiles such as Green pit viper, the hump nosed viper and the krait. The fascinating birdlife includes 160 species of which 18 of the 20 endemic species in Sri Lanka are found here.